Gatsby Annotations

The Index

See
Bruccoli, Matthew J. F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby: A Literary Reference. New York: Carroll & Graff, 2000.

F. Scott Fitzgerald's Ledger 1919-1938

A Concordance to The Great Gatsby


Adam study
probably refers to interior design by, or inspired by, Scottish architect Robert Adam (1728-1792).

http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Robert_Adam.html
"Often considered Scotland's most famous architect, Adam became a leader of classical revival in England for both architecture and interior decoration. His designs are particularly notable for their lavish use of color. "

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Adam


Adriatic Sea
is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adriatic_Sea


aesthetic contemplation, an
concerns thoughts related to the appreciation of, or a heightened senstivity to, beauty. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.


"Ain't we got fun,"
is the title of a popular song of 1921.
Words by Gus Kahn & Raymond B. Egan. Music by Richard Whiting.

Chorus:
Ev-'ry morn-ing Ev-'ry eve-ning Ain't we got fun,
Not much mon-ey, Oh but hon-ey, Ain't We Got Fun
The rent's un-paid dear, We have-nt a bus,
But smiles were made dear, for peo-ple like us
In the win-ter, in the sum-mer, Don't we have fun,
Times are bum and get-ting bum-mer, Still we have fun
There's nothing sur-er, The rich get rich and the poor get child-ren
In the mean-time, In be-tween time, Ain't we got fun.


Albany
is the capitol city of New York state

http://www.albany.org/
http://www.albanyny.org/


American Legion
"The American Legion was chartered by Congress in 1919 as a patriotic, mutual-help, war-time veterans organization."
http://www.legion.org/


amour
is the French word for "love." Jordan uses the term to suggest marital infidelity


Argonne Forest
is a wooded and hilly region of northeast France, a major battleground in World War I.

Sergeant York at Argonne
http://www.worldwar1.com/biocyrk.htm


Armistice
marks the day (November 11, 1918) on which World War I was officially ended.

The Armistice Demands
https://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/The_Allies%27_Armistice_Demands

The Armistice announced
http://www.marconicalling.com/museum/html/objects/ephemera/objects-i=787.001-t=2-n=0.html


Asheville
is a city of western North Carolina in the Blue Ridge Mountains
http://www.asheville.com/

For a discussion of Fitzgerald's connections to Asheville see http://www.npr.org/2013/09/03/216164420/for-f-scott-and-zelda-fitzgerald-a-dark-chapter-in-asheville-n-c


Barbary Coast
is literally the Mediterranean coast of north Africa, but - as Bruccoli notes (213) - the novel probably refers to the wild waterfront area of San Francisco that developed after the 1849 gold rush.

http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/evans.html

Museum of San Francisco (scroll down to "San Francisco - Barbary Coast")
http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/index0.html


Belasco, David
was an American theatrical producer famous for his realistic set designs.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Belasco


Blackwell's Island
is currently known as Roosevelt Island, located in the East River. It has been the site at various times of a penitentiary (1832-1935), lunatic asylum, and several hospitals.

http://www.correctionhistory.org/html/chronicl/nycdoc/html/blakwel1.html


Bois de Boulogne
is a large park in Paris.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bois_de_Boulogne


Buccleuch, Dukes of
are a line of Scottish royalty.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Buccleuch
"The substantial origin of the ducal house of the Scotts of Buccleuch dates back to the large grants of lands in Scotland to Sir Walter Scott of Kirkurd and Buccleuch, a border chief, by James II, in consequence of the fall of the 8th earl of Douglas (1452); but the family traced their descent back to a Sir Richard le Scott (1249-1285)."

Interesting to note, this reference links Nick to the family name of Scott.


Camp Taylor
(a.k.a.)
Camp Zachary Taylor was an army training camp near Louisville, KY. 2nd Lt. F. Scott Fitzgerald reported to Camp Taylor in February of 1918.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Taylor,_Louisville


Canada, underground pipe-line to
Prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the United States produced a number of fanciful notions about how alcohol managed to enter the country under these restrictions.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prohibition_in_the_United_States

http://prohibition.osu.edu/


Cannes
An important and fashionable resort on the French Riviera

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannes


Carnegie Hall
is a famous performance venue in New York City. It opened in 1891 with a performance of Marche solennelle conducted by Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

http://www.carnegiehall.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnegie_Hall


Castile, dreams of
suggests that the shawls of women at Gatsby's parties were finer than any that the inhabitants of Castile could hope to own. Castile is a former kingdom in north central Spain.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castile


Castle Rackrent
was originally the title of a novel (1800) by Irish writer Maria Edgeworth.

http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/edgeworth/castle/castle.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castle_Rackrent


Central Park
is a large park in mid-Manhattan; it opened to the public in 1859.

http://www.centralpark.org/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Park


Chartreuse
is a green or yellow liqueur.

http://www.chartreuse.fr/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chartreuse_%28liqueur%29


Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad
was a rail line that travelled between Chicago and the cities of Puget Sound

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago,_Milwaukee,_St._Paul_and_Pacific_Railroad


circus wagon
is an elaborately decorated wagon used to transport circuses from one place to another.

http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/iadwood/iadwood-20309.0.html


Columbus story, the egg in
involves the legend of how Columbus convinced others that he could do something they thought was impossible.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egg_of_Columbus


Coney Island
"A resort district of Brooklyn, New York, on the Atlantic Ocean, famous for its boardwalk and amusement park featuring souvenir stands, thrilling rides, and numerous eating places."The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coney_Island


cricket bat
is an essential part of every game of cricket. The game is known and played throughout many of nations of the former British Empire.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cricket_bat


Croirier's
is apparently a fictional store, perhaps inspired by Cartier's, a famous jewelry store established in New York by Pierre Cartier in 1917.

"Croire" is a French word meaning "to believe, to think, or to credit."


Cunard
"The Most Famous Ocean Liners in the World"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cunard_Line