.Jutes, Angles and Saxons

According to our sources at

Much of the information about the Jutes in England comes from Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation (731), a book by the English historian Bede. Archaeological findings have shown that the Jutes had much in common with both the Saxons in Britain and the ancient Franks, a people of what are now Belgium, western Germany, and the Netherlands. Some historians say the Jutes came from the area of Denmark known today as Jutland.

The Angles came either from Angeln, a district in what is now Schleswig-Holstein, or from Denmark. They were just entering the agricultural stage of civilisation when they arrived in Britain. The Angles occupied the central part of southern Britain and the northern and eastern coasts. They founded the embryonic kingdoms of Mercia, Northumbria and East Anglia. These territories were called Engla land, or Angle land, from which the name England came.

The ancient geographer Ptolemy first mentioned the Saxons in a book he wrote during the AD 100's. According to Ptolemy, the Saxons lived in what is now the state of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. They were a warlike people who invaded Roman territory in the second half of the 4th century, during the reigns of the emperors Julian and Valentinian. By the close of the 6th century all northwest Germany as far east as the Elbe River had become Saxon territory.

Of Saxons, Angles, and Jutes

view complete index A - L

view complete index M - Z